Allow me to acquaint you with one of nature’s most potent antioxidants – astaxanthin (as-ta-xan-thin) – with the latest research showing promising results for those everyday concerns such as ageing skin, low immunity, tiredness and fatigue, aching joints, low fertility, poor cognitive function, below-par exercise performance – and so much more.
What is astaxanthin?
Astaxanthin is a bright red carotenoid pigment (natural colour) derived from haematococcus pluvialis (H. pluvialis), an algae with the highest levels of astaxanthin, accumulated to protect itself in response to stressors from its environment, such as starvation, high levels of salt, high temperature and radiation. The accumulation of astaxanthin turns the algae from green to red, and is responsible for the bright pink-red colouring of many marine animals such as salmon, crab and lobster and the brightly coloured feathers of flamingos, who obtain astaxanthin through their diet. Aside from its wonderful colouring, its main action is that of an antioxidant and, as such, providing protection to algae from environmental stressors as listed above.
Just as with algae, the human body is also exposed to environmental stressors; however, these lead to the creation of free radicals – for example, from factors such as poor diet, pollution, stress, exercise, smoking, alcohol and medication. Fortunately, the body has its own inbuilt antioxidant capabilities which it works hard to keep in balance. Issues arise, however, when an over-burdened body struggles to keep up, which can lead to oxidative stress and, in turn, cellular damage. Long term, oxidative stress is associated with chronic inflammation, autoimmune conditions, accelerated ageing and hormonal issues.
Astaxanthin can support combat against free radicals
Astaxanthin works in several ways to help to combat free radicals in the human body. Like all antioxidants, astaxanthin donates a chemical group to free radicals (compounds that have lost a chemical group and without it become unstable and lead to oxidative damage). With many antioxidants, they themselves can become pro-oxidant unless they are recycled by another antioxidant. Astaxanthin, importantly, has an unlimited ability to provide chemical groups without itself becoming a pro-oxidant. Astaxanthin also works by calming free radicals, absorbing the negative energy they emit. Finally, its unique chemical structure enables it to act through the entire cell, unlike fat-soluble antioxidants that tend to provide protection to the inner wall of the cell membrane, and water-soluble antioxidants that provide protection only to the outer wall. Since astaxanthin is able to span the cell membrane, it provides antioxidant protection to the inner and the outer wall, as well as the intra-membrane space.
Of all the carotenoids, astaxanthin is nature’s most potent, with the highest known ORAC value (oxygen radical absorbance capacity) – a measure of its ability to combat oxidative stress. Astaxanthin’s ability to quench free radicals is 6,000 times greater than vitamin C, 800 times that of coenzyme Q10 and 550 times that of vitamin E.
Studies to date show astaxanthin’s ability to reduce and terminate oxidative stress, protect against unwanted inflammation and protect cell structure and function, providing health-enhancing properties in the following areas:
Introducing Pure Essentials AstaPure Astaxanthin Complex
Pure Essentials AstaPure Astaxanthin Complex is a natural extract from the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis (H. Pluvialis) – the same algae responsible for the pink-red pigmentation of wild salmon and crustaceans. AstaPure contains the highest available concentration of astaxanthin, as well as a complex of other beneficial carotenoids including lutein, canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin and beta-carotene, amino acids and fatty acids, which together offer a broad range of health benefits, enhance its bioavailability and increase cell membrane stability.
Written by Maxine Sheils, Nutritional Therapist at Igennus Healthcare Nutrition.
1. Tominaga K., Hongo N., Karato M., et al. (2012). ‘Cosmetic benefits of astaxanthin on humans subjects’, Acta biochimica polonic, 59 (1), pp. 43-47.
2. Brown D. R., Gough L.A., Deb S.K., et al. (2018). ‘Astaxanthin in exercise metabolism, performance and recovery: a review’, Frontiers in nutrition, 4 (76), pp. 1-9.
3. Haijian W., Huanjiang N., Anwen S., et al. (2015). ‘Astaxanthin as a Potential Neuroprotective Agent for Neurological Diseases’, Marine drugs, 13 (9), pp. 5750-5766.
4. Fassett R.G. & Coombes J.S. (2011). ‘’Astaxanthin: A Potential Therapeutic Agent in Cardiovascular Disease’, Marine drugs, 9 pp. 447-465.
5. Yoshida H., Yanai H., Ito K., et al. (2010). ‘Administration of natural astaxanthin increases serum HDL-cholesterol and adiponectin in subjects with mild hyperlipidemia’, Atherosclerosis, 209 (2), pp. 520-523. 7.
6. Otsuka T., Shimazawa M., Inoue Y., et al. (2016). ‘Astaxanthin Protects Against Retinal Damage: Evidence from In Vivo and In Vitro Retinal Ischemia and Reperfusion Models’, Current eye research, 41 (11), pp. 1465-1472.
7. Tomohiro O., Masamitsu S., Tomohiro N., et al. (2013). ‘The Protective Effects of a Dietary Carotenoid, Astaxanthin, Against Light-Induced Retinal Damage’, Journal of pharmacological sciences’, 123, pp. 209-218.
8. Kajita M., Tsukahara H. & Kato M. (2009). ‘The Effects of a Dietary Supplement Containing Astaxanthin on the accommodation Function of the Eye in Middle-aged and Older People’, Translated from medical consultation and new remedies, 46 (3), pp. 1-7.
9. Park J.S., Chyun J.H, Kim Y.K, et al. (2010). ‘Astaxanthin decreased oxidative stress and inflammation and enhanced immune response in humans’, Nutrition and metabolism, 7 (18) pp. 1-10.